Navaratri is a nine-day long festival, dedicated to worshiping the Nine divine forms of Goddess Durga each day. The tenth day is observed as Vijaya Dashami – The day of victory.
The second day of Navaratri is worshiped with the second manifestation of Maa Durga as Brahmacharini. She is depicted as pious woman or Sannyasin. She signifies purity, simplicity, loyalty, wisdom and knowledge. She is also known as Devi Yogini and Devi Tapsvini.
It is believed that goddess Durga reside on earth during nine days of Navaratri therefore; it is very auspicious time to invoke Mother to get more powers and blessings from her. The person who observes the fasts and worships the goddess with full faith and dedication in these Navaratri days is blessed with peaceful and happy life.
When is it observed?
Maa Brahmacharini, the second form of Goddess Durga will be worshiped on 26th September 2014 on bright fortnight of the lunar month of Ashwin.
The second form of Maa durga is Goddess Brahmacharini is extremely magnificent and glowing, soft and immersed in meditation. This unmarried meditating form of Maa Brahmacharini is depicted as walking bare feet in jungle. She is in form of a Sanyasini hence she carries Jap Mala in the right hand and Kamandal in the left hand. She wears white Sari of bright-orange border and Rudraksh as ornament. She is filled with ecstasy and serene peace on her face.
"Brahma" means meditation, 'Tapa' (penance) and Charini means Performer. Thus Brahmacharini symbolized as the Goddess who performs Tapa or hard penance. She is the Goddess of wisdom and knowledge.
Goddess Brahmcharini is the "tapaswini" form of goddess, who shows us the path of detachment from this material world. Worship of this appearance enriches the devotee with sacrifice, honesty and self-discipline and removes the jealousy from one's nature. She helps devotees to control their senses and attain salvation.
The 'white' sari represents purity of mind; beaded rosary or japa mala represents continuous efforts (meditation and concentration) and Kamandal represents acceptance and water in it represents pure thoughts.
An individual must break away from attachment to the physical world and clean his inner self of egoistic desires in order to experience the ecstasy of the Self.
The sage God Narada advised Parvati to take up meditation to win Shiva, after being "Sati" in her previous birth. For undergoing strict meditation she was known as Brahmacharini - Virgin lady, as she sacrificed her materialistic living and spent hundreds of years on fruits and leafy vegetables. Later she even stopped eating Bilva leaves and continued her penance without any food and water. She was known as Aparna.
Her penance was so pure and had so much strength, power that it caused great disturbance in all the three worlds. Her desire to obtain Lord Shiva as her divine consort was eventually fulfilled by granting her wish by God Brahma.
This great Tapa made her glorified with name 'Brahmacharini'. Since then, Goddess Durga's this pious and unmarried front is worshiped on second day of Navaratri.
Goddess Brahmacharini is the manifest of hard work and struggle.
By the grace of Maa Brahmacharini devotees get success, victory and get power to be strong in difficult situations and not to deviate from their paths.
Mantra to recite while worshiping Devi Brahmacharini:
Ya Devi Sarvbhuteshu Maa Brahmacharini Samsthita
Namastasyai Namastasyai Namastasyai Namo Namah
Dadhana karpadmabhayaamaqshmala kamadalu
Devi prasidatu mayi brahmchaarinyanutama